would / used to

would / used to
Сравнительное употребление глагола would и оборота used to
Модальный глагол would и оборот used to используются при описании привычных (повторяющихся) действий в прошлом (см. will, would: habits, used to).
1) Глагол would может использоваться не только при описании повторяющихся действий, но также и при описании повторяющихся ситуаций (состояний). Если же речь идет об одной ситуации, одном длительном состоянии, would не может быть использован. Вместо would в этом случае используется оборот used to.

She would usually be happy when she returned home after a long trip — Она обычно бывала счастлива, когда возвращалась домой после долгого путешествия (описывается повторяющаяся ситуация)

When he spoke to me I wouldn't understand anything — Когда он говорил со мной, я обычно ничего не мог понять.

There used to be five cinemas in the town — В городе раньше было пять кинотеатров (used to здесь нельзя заменить на would, так как описывается долговременная ситуация, которая не повторялась).

2) При введении в рассмотрение новой темы обычно используется used to, а would используется тогда, когда тема уже была введена в повествование.

I used to buy chips but it's a waste of money, you know — Я раньше покупал чипсы, но это, знаете, пустая трата денег (разговор двух покупателей в магазине; здесь used to нельзя заменить на would, так как вводится в рассмотрение новая тема)

3) Ни would, ни used to не могут использоваться, если в предложении указано, сколько раз происходило описываемое событие или как долго это событие длилось.

I met him five times during the 1960s — Я встречался с ним пять раз в шестидесятые годы.

English-Russian grammar dictionary. 2014.

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Смотреть что такое "would / used to" в других словарях:

  • would — modal verb (3rd singular present would) 1》 past of will1, in various senses. 2》 (expressing the conditional mood) indicating the consequence of an imagined event.     ↘(I would) used to give advice. 3》 expressing a desire.     ↘expressing consent …   English new terms dictionary

  • would — [ wud ] modal verb *** Would is usually followed by an infinitive without to : A picnic would be nice. Sometimes it is used without a following infinitive: They didn t do as much as they said they would. In conversation and informal writing,… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • would — W1S1 [wud] modal v negative short form wouldn t ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(past intentions/expectations)¦ 2¦(imagined situations)¦ 3¦(past habits)¦ 4¦(requesting)¦ 5¦(offering/inviting)¦ 6¦(what somebody wants)¦ 7¦(past purpose)¦ 8 would not …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Would You Buy A Used War From This Man? —   Cover artist Ed Sorel Country United States …   Wikipedia

  • would you believe it? — It seems incredible but it is true • • • Main Entry: ↑believe * * * would you believe it? spoken phrase used for showing that you think something is surprising or funny And they want me to sing – would you believe it? Thesaurus: ways of saying… …   Useful english dictionary

  • would rather — phrase used for saying that you would prefer to do something or that you would prefer that something happened I’d rather you didn’t mention this matter to anyone else. He doesn’t want to learn – he’d rather stay at home and play video games.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • would — [wood] v.aux. [ME wolde < OE, pt. of willan, to wish, WILL1] 1. pt. of WILL2 [she said she would be finished before six, in those days we would talk for hours on end] 2. used to express a supposition or condition [he would write if he knew you …   English World dictionary

  • Would — Would, imp. of {Will}. [OE. & AS. wolde. See {Will}, v. t.] Commonly used as an auxiliary verb, either in the past tense or in the conditional or optative present. See 2d & 3d {Will}. [1913 Webster] Note: Would was formerly used also as the past… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • would you like...? — phrase used for offering something to someone or inviting them to do something Would you like some cake? What would you like for your birthday? would you like to do something?: Would you like to go for a drink? would you like someone/​something… …   Useful english dictionary

  • would rather — used for saying that you would prefer to do something or that you would prefer that something happened I d rather you didn t mention this matter to anyone else. He doesn t want to learn – he d rather stay at home and play video games. would… …   English dictionary

  • Would you care for something? — Would you care for sth? | Would you care to do sth? idiom (formal) used to ask sb politely if they would like sth or would like to do sth, or if they would be willing to do sth • Would you care for another drink? • If you d care to follow me, I… …   Useful english dictionary

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